Monday, November 05, 2007

We'll Keep Trying Until We Get It Right part II

The following is a partial list of U.S. military interventions from 1890 to 2003 compiled by Zoltan Grossman. Things like the DEA overflights of southern BC are not counted. Those of us outside of Amerika remember that Iraq is not unique--it's just part of the same old same old of the Amerikan Empire.

Zoltan Grossman is an Assistant Professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin- Eau Claire (Box 4004, Eau Claire, WI 54701 USA). His peace writings can be seen at

Zoltan Grossman's 'A Century of American Military Interventions from Wounded Knee to Afghanistan'

South Dacota, 1890-?

Troops: 300 Lakota Indians massacred at Wounded Knee

Argentina, 1890

Troops: Buenos Aires interests protected

Chile, 1891

Troops: Marines clash with nationalist rebels

Haiti, 1891

Troops: Black workers' revolt on US-claimed Navassa Island defeated

Idaho, 1892

Troops: Army supresses silver miners' strike

Hawaii, 1893-?

Naval, troops: Independent kingdom overthrown, annexed

Chicago, 1894

Troops: breaking of rail strike, 34 killed

Nicaragua, 1894

Troops: Month-long occupation of Bluesfields

China, 1894-5

Naval, troops: Marines land in Sino-Japanese War

Korea, 1894-6

Troops: Marines kept in Seoul during war

Panama, 1895

Troops, naval: Marines land in Colombian province

Nicaragua, 1896

Troops: Marines land in port of Corinto

China, 1898-1900

Troops: Boxer Rebellion fought by foreign armies

Phillipines, 1898-1910(-?)

Naval, troops: Siezed from Spain, killed 600,000 Filipinos

Cuba, 1898-1902(-?)

Naval, troops: Siezed from Spain, still hold navy base

Puerto Rico, 1898-?

Naval, troops: Siezed from Spain, occupation continues

Guam, 1898-?

Naval, troops: Siezed from Spain, still used as base

Minnesota, 1898-?

Troops: Army battlers Chippewa at Leech Lake

Nicaragua, 1898

Troops: Marines land at port of San Juan del Sur

Samoa, 1899-?

Troops: Battle over succession to throne

Nicaragua, 1899

Troops: Marines land at port of Bluefields

Idaho, 1899-1901

Troops: Army occupies Couer d'Alene mining region

Oklahoma, 1901

Troops: Army battles Creek Indian revolt

Panama, 1901-14

Naval, troops: Broke off from Colombia 1903, annexed Canal Zone 1914-1999

Honduras, 1903

Troops: Marines intervene in revolution

Dominican Republic, 1903-04

Troops: US interests protected in Revolution

Korea, 1904-05

Troops: Marines land in Russo-Japanese War

Cuba, 1906-09

Troops: marines land in democratic election

Nicaragua, 1907

Troops: 'Dollar Diplomacy' protectorate set up

Honduras, 1907

Troops: Marines land during war with Nicaragua

Panama, 1908

Troops: Marines intervene in election contest

Nicaragua, 1910

Troops: Marines land in Bluefields and Corinto

Honduras, 1911

Troops: US interests protected in civil war

China, 1911-41

Naval, troops: Continuous occupation with flare-ups

Cuba, 1912

Troops: US interests protected in Havana

Panama, 1912

Troops: Marines land during heated election

Honduras, 1912

Troops: Marines protect US economic interests

Nicaragua, 1912-33

Troops, bombing: 20-year occupation , fought with guerrillas

Mexico, 1913

Naval: Americans evacuated during revolution

Dominican Republic, 1914

Naval: Fight with rebels over Santo Domingo

Colorado, 1914

Troops: Breaking of miners' strike by Army

Mexico, 1914-18

Naval, troops: Series of interventions against nationalists

Haiti, 1914-34

Troops, bombing: 19-year occupation after revolts

Dominican Republic, 1916-24

Troops: 8-year marine occupation

Cuba, 1917-33

Troops: Military occupation, economic protectorate

World War I, 1917-1918

Naval, troops: Ships sunk, fought Germany

Russia, 1918-22

Naval, troops: five landings to fight Bolsheviks

Panama, 1918-20

Troops: 'Police duty' during unrest after elections

Yugoslavia, 1919

Troops: Marines intervene for Italy against Serbs in Dalmatia

Honduras, 1919

Troops: Marines land during election campaign

Guatemala, 1920

Troops: 2-week intervention against unionists

West Virginia, 1920-21

Troops, bombing: Army intervenes against mineworkers

Turkey, 1922

Troops: fought nationalists in Smyrna (Izmir)

China, 1922-7

Naval, troops: Deployment during nationalist revolt

Honduras, 1924-5

Troops: Landed twice during election strife

Panama, 1925

Troops: Marines supress general strike

China, 1927-34

Troops: Marines stationed throughout the country

El Salvador, 1932

Naval: Warships sent during Faribundo Marti revolt

Washington, DC, 1932

Troops: Army stops WWI vet bonus protest

World War II, 1941-5

Naval, troops, bombing, nuclear: Fought Axis for 3 years; first nuclear war

Detroit, 1943

Troops: Army puts down Black rebellion

Iran, 1946

Nuclear threat: Soviet troops told to leave north (Iranian Azerbaijan)

Yugoslavia, 1946

Naval: Response to shooting-down of US plane

Uruguay, 1947

Nuclear threat: Bombers deployed as a show of strength

Greece, 1947-9

Command operation: US directs extreme right in civil war

China, 1948-9

Troops: Marines evacuate Americans before Communist victory

Germany, 1948

Nuclear threat: Nuclear-capable bombers guard Berlin airlift

Phillipines, 1948-54

Command operation: CIA directs war against Huk Rebellion

Puerto Rico, 1950

Command operation: Indepentence rebellion crushed in Ponce

Korea, 1950-53

Troops, naval, bombing, nuclear threats: US and South Korea fight China and North Korea to stalemate; A-bomb threat in 1950, and vs. China in 1953. Still have bases

Iran, 1953

Command operation: CIA overthrows democracy, installs Shah

Vietnam, 1954

Nuclear threat: Bombs offered to French to use against siege

Guatemala, 1954

Command operation, bombing, nuclear threat: CIA directs exile invasion after new government nationalizes US company lands; bombers based in Nicaragua

Egypt, 1956

Nuclear threat, troops: Soviets told to keep out of Suez crisis; Marines evacuate foreigners

Lebanon, 1958

Troops, naval: marine occupation against rebels

Iraq, 1958

Nuclear threat: Iraq warned against invading Kuwait

China, 1958

Nuclear threat: China told not to move on Taiwan isles

Panama, 1958

troops: Flag protests erupt into confrontation

Vietnam, 1960-75

Troops, naval, bombing, nuclear threats: Fought South Vietnam revolt and North Vietnam; 1-2 million killed in longest US war; atomic bomb threats in 1968 and 1969

Cuba, 1961

Command operation: CIA-directed exile invasion fails

Germany, 1961

Nuclear threat: Alert during Berlin Wall crisis

Cuba, 1962

Nuclear threat: Naval blockade during missile crisis; near-war with USSR

Laos, 1962

Command operation: Military build-up during guerrilla war

Panama, 1964

Troops: Panamanians shot for urging canal's return

Indonesia, 1965

Command operation: Million killed in CIA-assisted army coup

Dominican Republic, 1965-6

Troops, bombing: Marines land during election campaign

Guatemala, 1966-7

Command operation: Green Berets intervene against rebels

Detroit 1967

Troops: Army battles Blacks, 43 killed

United States 1968

Troops: After King is shot; over 21,000 soldiers in cities

Cambodia, 1969-75

Bombing, troops, naval: Up to 2 million killed in decade of bombing, starvation, and political chaos

Oman, 1970

Command operation: US directs Iranian marine invasion

Laos, 1971-3

Command operation, bombing: US directs South Vietnamese invasion, 'carpet-bombs' countryside

South Dakota 1973

Command operation: Army directs Wounded Knee siege of Lakotas

Middle East, 1973

Nuclear threat: World-wide alert during Middle East War

Chile, 1973

Command operation: CIA-backed coup ousts elected Marxist president

Cambodia, 1975

Troops, bombing, gas: Captured ship, 28 die in helicopter crash

Angola, 1976-92

Command operation: CIA assists South African-backed rebels

Iran, 1980

Troops, nuclear threat, aborted bombing: Raid to rescue Embassy hostages; 8 troops die in helicopter-plane crash. Soviets warned not to get involved in revolution

Libya, 1981

naval jets: Two Libyan jets shot down in manoeuvers

El Salvador, 1981-92

Command operation, troops: Advisors, overflights aid anti-rebel war, soldiers briefly involved in hostage clash

Nicaragua, 1981-90

Command operation, naval: CIA directs exile (Contra) invasions, plants harbour mines against revolution

Lebanon, 1982-4

Naval, bombing, troops: Marines expel PLO and back Phalangists, Navy bombs and shells Muslim and Syrian positions

Hondura, 1983-9

Troops: Manoeuvres help build bases near borders

Grenada, 1983-4

Troops, bombing: Invasion four years after revolution

Iran, 1984

Jets: Two Iranian jets shot down over Persian Gulf

Libya, 1986

Bombing, naval: Air strikes to topple nationalist government

Bolivia, 1986

Troops: Army assists raids on cocaine region

Iran, 1987-8

Naval, bombing: US intervenes on side of Iraq during war

Libya, 1989

Naval jets: Two Libyan jets shot down

Virgin Islands, 1989

Troops: St. Croix Black unrest after storm

Phillipines, 1989

Jets: Air cover provided for government against coup

Panama, 1989-90

Troops, bombing: Nationalist government ousted by 27,000 soldiers, leaders arrested, 2000+ killed

Liberia, 1990

Troops: Foreigners evacuated during civil war

Saudi Arabia. 1990-1

Troops, jets: Iraq countered after invading Kuwait; 540,000 troops also stationed in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, UAE, Israel

Iraq, 1990-?

Bombing, troops, naval: Blockade of Iraqi and Jordanian ports, air strikes; 200,000+ killed in invasion of Iraq and Kuwait; no-fly zone over Kurdish north, shiite south, large-scale destruction of Iraqi military

Kuwait, 1991

Naval, bombing, troops: Kuwait royal family returned to throne

Los Angeles, 1992

Troops: Army, Marines deployed against anti-police uprising

Somalia, 1992-4

Troops, naval, bombing: US-led United Nations occupation during civil war; raids against one Mogadishu faction

Yugoslavia, 1992-4

naval: NATO blockade of Serbia and Montenegro

Bosnia, 1993-5

Jets, bombing: No-fly zone patrolled in civil war; downed jets, bombed Serbs

Haiti, 1994-6

Troops, naval: Blockade against military government, troops restore President Aristide to office three years after coup

Croatia, 1995

Bombing: Krajina Serb airfields attacked before Croatian offensive

Zaire (Congo), 1996-7

troops: Marines at Rwandan Hutu refugee camps, in area where Congo revolution begins

Liberia, 1997

Troops: Soldiers under fire during evacuation of foreigners

Sudan, 1998

Missiles: Attack on pharmaceutical pland alleged to be 'terrorist' nerve gas plant

Afghanistan, 1998

Milliles: Attack on former CIA training camps used by Islamic fundamentalist groups alleged to have attacked embassies

Iraq, 1998-?

Bombing, missiles: Four days of intensive air strikes after weapons inspectors allege Iraqi obstructions

Yugoslavia, 1999-?

Bombing, missiles: heavy NATO air strikes after Serbia declines to withdraw from Kosovo

Yemen, 2000

Naval: Suicide attack on the USS Cole

Macedonia, 2001

Troops: NATO troops shift and partially disarm Albanian rebels

United States, 2001

Jets, naval: Response to hijacking attacks

Afghanistan, 2001

Massive us mobilization to attack Taliban, bin Laden. War could expand to Iraq, Sudan, and beyond.


Powered by ScribeFire.

No comments:

Post a Comment